Avec l'initiative pour la recherche sur le développement durable, la SCNAT, avec ses institutions sœurs, promeut la science sur le développement durable et l’Agenda 2030. Elle accorde une attention particulière au traitement conjoint des questions socialement prioritaires dans les consortiums globaux.en plus

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Traiter les synergies, les compromis et les points communs

Dealing with Synergies, Trade-offs, and Common Threads - Priority themes sustainability research
Image : Hansjakob Fehr

S'appuyant sur six thèmes prioritaires, le "Livre blanc sur la recherche en développement durable" présente les besoins les plus urgents de la Suisse en matière de recherche afin d'atteindre les objectifs de développement durable de l'ONU.

Traiter les synergies, les compromis et les points communs
L’ambition globale du développement durable exige la pour-suite simultanée de nombreux objectifs. Cela implique souvent des avantages connexes pour certains objectifs et des compromis pour d’autres. Ces interdépendances doivent être mieux comprises afin d’accélérer les progrès vers la réalisation des objectifs de développement du-rable. Il est urgent de mener des recherches systémiques visant à identifier, comprendre et hiérarchiser les interactions entre les objectifs de développement durable.

Lire le livre blanc sur la recherche en développement durable (Priority Themes for Swiss Sustainability Research):

Key unresolved questions

How should science identify which interrelations need
to be considered, at what scale, and including which
indirect effects? How and under what circumstances
can the complexity of interrelated sustainability goals be reduced? Which methods and tools can support this
process?
– How can experts in science and practice systemically account for synergies and trade-offs among goals, e.g.
when developing transformation options or progress
monitoring at the subnational, national, and interna -
tional level?

Key questions include:
– How can synergies and trade-offs related to change strategies of different sectors be anticipated and dealt with?
Are there exemplary case studies relating to the five priorities presented in this white paper?
– Which political and administrative systems are addressed by the five topics? How can collaboration be designed to cope with the complex interdependencies implicit in the respective sustainable development
goals?
– How can the private sector be enlisted to respect the key
potential synergistic and conflicting sustainability goals affected by their concrete business activities?

Key questions include:

– What scientific evidence is there about interactions between the priority topics presented here and about underlying causalities? Are these simple causalities or
complex systems of causes, e.g. forming positive and
negative feedback loops? Are causalities identified in a specific case and socio-ecological context generalizable, independent of case and context?
– How can science address the causal links between priority topics in a systemic way? How can science account for underlying causalities in the practice of everyday research? For instance, how can be ensured that a concept of wealth developed in one priority area is considered
in other areas? How can new economic paradigms and actions suggested in one area be prevented from creating new dilemmas in the way the economy is understood elsewhere?